jewish immigrant benevolent associations.
These groups were formed by Jews in North and South America and Israel according to place of origin of members, to assist their persecuted landsleit (hometown brethren) overseas and to ease their emigration and immigration. In the New World, such groups multiplied exponentially until World War I, began to decline after 1930, and largely disappeared by the 1960s. In Israel such organizations developed welfare institutions, mutual aid societies, and even several short-lived political parties.
"Landsmannschaften." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/landsmannschaften
"Landsmannschaften." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved August 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/landsmannschaften