French military mission to Persia, 1807–1808.
The Gardanne Mission's purpose was to train the Persian army along European lines. It consisted of seventy officers and sergeants, led by General Claude-Matthew Gardanne. The mission was a result of the Finkenstein Treaty of May 1807, in which Iran sought help from France against Russia—while France had visions of using Iran as a stepping stone to British India. The Treaty of Tilsit in July 1807 temporarily ended hostilities between France and Russia, so support of Persia against Russia was no longer a French priority. Persia then negotiated with Britain, agreed to dismiss Gardanne, and signed a preliminary treaty in March 1809 that provided British officers to train the Persian army.
Daniel, Norman. Islam, Europe and Empire. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1966.
Daniel E. Spector
"Gardanne Mission." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gardanne-mission
"Gardanne Mission." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved January 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gardanne-mission