Frisch, Albert (c. 1840–1918)
Frisch, Albert (c. 1840–1918)
Albert Frisch (b. ca. 1840; d. 1918), German pioneer of anthropological photography. Frisch journeyed from Europe to the upper Brazilian Amazon region, especially on the Solimões River in the early 1860s to record the indigenous population. He posed them as noble savages, sometimes contriving or alternating backgrounds so that his subjects appeared as living sculptures. His works were displayed at the Paris Universal Exposition of 1867 before any other photographer recorded images of the indigenous populations of North America, the Far East, or Africa. Little is known about Frisch's life. He did not stay in Brazil, but contracted with the Leuzinger Studio in Rio de Janeiro to sell his prints.
Ferrez, Marc. A fotografía no Brasil, 1840–1900. Rio de Janeiro: Fundacao Nacional de Arte, 1985.
Lago, Bia Correa do. Brésil, les premiers photographes d'un empire sous les tropiques. Paris: Gallimard, 2005.
Vasquez, Pedro. Fotógrafos alemães no Brasil do século XIX. São Paulo: Metalivros, 2000.
Vasquez, Pedro. A fotografia no Império. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar, 2002.
Robert M. Levine
"Frisch, Albert (c. 1840–1918)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frisch-albert-c-1840-1918
"Frisch, Albert (c. 1840–1918)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved July 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frisch-albert-c-1840-1918
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.