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Entrada, an armed expedition, or literally "entry," into the Brazilian wilderness in search of indigenous slaves, gold, or trade. In the Northeast, entradas sought native slaves for sugar plantations and domestic service in the sixteenth century. In Amazonia they pursued slaves, nuts, spices, wood, and herbal drugs in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. In southern Brazil, entradas, along with the larger Bandeiras, forcibly relocated thousands of indigenous people to Portuguese towns in the seventeenth century and searched for gold in the eighteenth century. These long expeditions charted much of the Brazilian west and led to the discoveries of gold, emeralds, and diamonds in the interior.

See alsoSlavery: Brazil .


John Hemming, Red Gold: The Conquest of the Brazilian Indians (1978).

John M. Monteiro, "From Indian to Slave: Forced Native Labour and Colonial Society," Slavery and Abolition 9 (1988): 105-127.

Additional Bibliography

Carvalho, João Renôr Ferreira de. Resistência indígena no Piauí colonial: 1718–1774. Imperatriz: Ética, 2005.

Langfur, Hal. The Forbidden Lands: Colonial Identity, Frontier Violence, and the Persistence of Brazil's Eastern Indians, 1750–1830. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006.

Metcalf, Alida C. "The Entradas of Bahia of the Sixteenth Century." The Americas. 61:1 (2005): 373-400.

                                        Alida C. Metcalf