Congress of Ottoman Liberals (1902)
CONGRESS OF OTTOMAN LIBERALS (1902)
forum for opposition groups.
Organized by Prince Sabahettin to reconcile differences among various groups opposed to the unconstitutional rule of Sultan Abdülhamit II, the first Congress of Ottoman Liberals was held in Paris between 4 and 9 February 1902. Participants included Young Turk liberals living in exile in Europe and representatives of minority national groups. A renewed attempt to coordinate opposition movements resulted in a second congress, held in Paris 27–29 December 1907, chaired by Sabahettin, Ahmet Riza, and K. Maloumian of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaks).
see also abdÜlhamit ii; ahmet riza; dashnak party; young turks.
Shaw, Stanford, and Shaw, Ezel Kural. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Vol. 2: Reform, Revolution, and Republic: The Rise of Modern Turkey, 1808–1975. Cambridge, U.K., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1977.