Skip to main content

Cerro del Cubilete

Cerro del Cubilete

The monument to Christ the King on the Cerro del Cubilete (Cubilete Hill) is considered to be the geographical center and heart of the Republic of Mexico. It is an important symbol of Catholicism in the twentieth century, built to defy the secularizing policies of the Mexican state. Its aim was to unite the nation's Catholics, and it served as a balm for the wounds inflicted by the Cristero War (Guerra Cristera, 1926–1929), which ended with the expulsion of the combatants. The monument's construction (1919–1960) survived several conflicts as the Catholic Church struggled to preserve its diminishing hegemony; today it stands as a material embodiment of the country's history of religious belief in the power of Christ, if only symbolic, over and above earthly powers. The shrine is visited by hundreds of pilgrims every year.

See alsoCristero Rebellion; Mexico: Since 1910; Religion in Mexico, Catholic Church and Beyond.


Torres Septién, Valentina. "De cerro a montaña santa: La construcción del monumento a Cristo Rey (1919–1960)." Historia y Grafía 22 (2004): 113-154.

                              Valentina Torres SeptiÉn

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cerro del Cubilete." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 20 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Cerro del Cubilete." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 20, 2019).

"Cerro del Cubilete." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.