Skip to main content

Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of (1559)

Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of (1559)

Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559), agreement between France and Spain ending the Hapsburg-Valois wars. The treaty ended four decades (1521–1559) of armed conflict over Navarre, Aragon's borders, Flanders, Artois, Burgundy, and Milan. According to its terms, France kept imperial cities in northern Europe but was almost totally excluded from the Italian peninsula, underscoring the existing balance of power in continental Europe. The reigning monarchs when the treaty was signed on 3 April 1559, Philip II of Spain and Henry II of France, were forced by bankruptcy and heresy to make peace. The treaty also marked the end of an Anglo-Spanish alliance that had been crucial in foreign policy during the end of Charles I's reign and left Philip II with the problem of defending the Low Countries without an English alliance. The New World was ignored in the treaty by mutual consent and peace was thus limited to the European domain.

See alsoCharles I of Spain; Philip II of Spain.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

William S. Maltby, Alba: A Biography of Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Third Duke of Alba, 1507–1582 (1983), esp. pp. 110-116.

John Lynch, Spain 1516–1598 (1991), pp. 101-137, 251-253.

                              Suzanne Hiles Burkholder

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of (1559)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of (1559)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cateau-cambresis-treaty-1559

"Cateau-Cambrésis, Treaty of (1559)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cateau-cambresis-treaty-1559

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.