Skip to main content

Castelli, Juan José (1764–1812)

Castelli, Juan José (1764–1812)

Juan José Castelli (b. 19 July 1764; d. 12 October 1812), Argentine independence leader. The son of an Italian father and Spanish mother, Castelli was born in Buenos Aires and studied law at the University of Chuquisaca in Upper Peru (modern Bolivia). He practiced in Buenos Aires, where, along with his cousin Manuel Belgrano and other creoles who had absorbed Enlightenment ideas, he worked to promote liberal reforms.

In 1810 Castelli took an active part in the May Revolution and was one of the secretaries of the revolutionary junta. That same year the junta sent him to accompany an expeditionary force to Upper Peru, where he proposed the elimination of monastic houses and other radical religious innovations, while also seeking to enlist the Indian population in the struggle. When Upper Peru was lost in mid-1811, Castelli's rivals sought to make him a scapegoat; he stood trial in Buenos Aires, but before a verdict could be handed down he died of cancer.

See alsoArgentina: The Colonial Period .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Julio César Chaves, Castelli, el adalid de mayo, 2d ed. (1957).

John Lynch, The Spanish-American Revolutions, 1808–1826 (1973).

Additional Bibliography

Delgado, Josefina. "Andrés Rivera y el sueño eterno de Castelli." Todo Es Historia 27:315 (October 1993): 56-59.

Lesser, Rocardo. La infancia de los próceres: Belgrano, Rivadavia, Moreno, Castelli, Azcuénaga. Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos, 2004.

                                          David Bushnell

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Castelli, Juan José (1764–1812)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Castelli, Juan José (1764–1812)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 21, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/castelli-juan-jose-1764-1812

"Castelli, Juan José (1764–1812)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/castelli-juan-jose-1764-1812

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.