Skip to main content

Cartavio

Cartavio

Cartavio, a sugar-producing landed estate in northern Peru dating from Spanish colonial times. In 1882 this 1,447-acre hacienda was surrendered by its Peruvian owner, Guillermo Alzamora, to the U.S. commercial firm W. R. Grace and Company in payment of its accumulated debt. In the 1890s the Grace firm formed the Cartavio Sugar Company as a subsidiary corporation. A pioneering U.S. direct investment of 200,000 pounds sterling was used to modernize the estate and build a sugar mill. In this way the Grace interests contributed to a process of land consolidation by giant estates (Cartavio, Casa Grande, and Laredo) which displaced smaller landowners in the northern Chicama valley of Peru. In the 1970s, during the implementation of the agrarian reform sponsored by the military regime, the Cartavio estate's ownership and administration were transferred to an agrarian cooperative.

See alsoSugar Industry .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Peter Klarén, Modernization, Dislocation, and Aprismo (1973).

Michael González, Plantation Agriculture and Social Control in Northern Peru, 1875–1933 (1985).

Additional Bibliography

Piel, Jean, and Francis Eherran. Capitalismo agrario en el Perú. Lima: IFEA; Buenos Aires: U. Nacional de Salta, 1995.

                                  Alfonso W. Quiroz

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Cartavio." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Cartavio." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cartavio

"Cartavio." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cartavio

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.