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Cartavio, a sugar-producing landed estate in northern Peru dating from Spanish colonial times. In 1882 this 1,447-acre hacienda was surrendered by its Peruvian owner, Guillermo Alzamora, to the U.S. commercial firm W. R. Grace and Company in payment of its accumulated debt. In the 1890s the Grace firm formed the Cartavio Sugar Company as a subsidiary corporation. A pioneering U.S. direct investment of 200,000 pounds sterling was used to modernize the estate and build a sugar mill. In this way the Grace interests contributed to a process of land consolidation by giant estates (Cartavio, Casa Grande, and Laredo) which displaced smaller landowners in the northern Chicama valley of Peru. In the 1970s, during the implementation of the agrarian reform sponsored by the military regime, the Cartavio estate's ownership and administration were transferred to an agrarian cooperative.

See alsoSugar Industry .


Peter Klarén, Modernization, Dislocation, and Aprismo (1973).

Michael González, Plantation Agriculture and Social Control in Northern Peru, 1875–1933 (1985).

Additional Bibliography

Piel, Jean, and Francis Eherran. Capitalismo agrario en el Perú. Lima: IFEA; Buenos Aires: U. Nacional de Salta, 1995.

                                  Alfonso W. Quiroz

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