Campo Grande, frontier capital of Mato Grosso do Sul State in central-west Brazil. This city first obtained its economic importance in 1914 when Brazil's railroad pushed through southern Mato Grosso, making Campo Grande an economic hub of the region. The railroad drew immigrants from the five neighboring states as well as Bolivia and Paraguay. Prior to this, the majority of transportation through southern Mato Grosso was dependent upon water routes. Government plans to settle the frontier states, devised in the 1950s, resulted in waves of migrants by the 1960's for large-scale agricultural production and cattle raising. In 1979 Campo Grande became the capital upon the division of Mato Grosso into Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. As of 2005 the estimated population of Campo Grande was 741,100. The principal agricultural products include rice, soybeans, and wheat. With its proximity to the Pantanal wetlands, tourism, along with education and commerce, are growing industries.
See alsoMato Grosso .
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Arruda, Gilmar. Cidades e sertões: Entre a história e a memória. Bauru, Brazil: EDUSC, 2000.
Corrêa, Valmir Batista. Coronéis e bandidos em Mato Grosso, 1889–1943. Campo Grande, Brazil: Editora UFMS, 1995.
Carolyn E. Vieira