Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría (C90-NM)

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article
views updated

Cambio 90-Nueva Mayoría (C90-NM)

Alberto Fujimori founded Cambio 90 to support his candidacies for the Peruvian senate and presidency in 1990. Prominent among the party's initial members were technically oriented university professors, evangelical Protestants, and emerging, informal entrepreneurs of mostly indigenous and mestizo descent. After Fujimori unexpectedly became president, implemented neoliberal economic policies, and carried out a presidential coup, Nueva Mayoría was organized to channel support from more affluent Peruvians. With only skeletal organizations, both parties were little more than electoral vehicles for Fujimori. C90 and NM maintained independent registrations but constituted pro-Fujimori alliances in national elections held in 1992, 1995, 2000 (along with Vamos Vecino), 2001, and 2006.

See alsoPeru: Political Parties: Overview; Fujimori, Alberto Keinya.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Levitsky, Steven, and Maxwell A. Cameron. "Democracy without Parties? Political Parties and Regime Change in Fujimori's Peru." Latin American Politics and Society 45, no. 3 (2003): 1-33.

Schmidt, Gregory D. "Fujimori's 1990 Upset Victory in Peru: Electoral Rules, Contingencies, and Adaptive Strategies." Comparative Politics 28, no. 3 (1996): 321-354.

Schmidt, Gregory D. Peru: The Politics of Surprise. New York: McGraw-Hill Primis, 2004.

                                  Gregory D. Schmidt