Skip to main content

Box, Pelham Horton (1898–1937)

Box, Pelham Horton (1898–1937)

Pelham Horton Box (b. 29 March 1898; d. 23 May 1937), British historian who applied modern research methods to the study of Paraguay in the 1930s. The University of Illinois awarded him the Ph.D. in 1927 and in 1930 published his dissertation, Origins of the Paraguayan War, which was translated into Spanish in 1936. This revisionist work viewed José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia (1766–1840) as a revolutionary dictator who ruled with the consent of the peasantry and blamed the War of the Triple Allliance on Francisco Solano López. Now dated, the book remains a starting point for researchers. Box taught for several years at Birkbeck College and two years at King's College, London.

See alsoWar of the Triple Alliance .


Pelham Horton Box, The Origins of the Paraguayan War (1930, repr. 1967); Times (London), 28 May 1937, p. 18b.

Additional Bibliography

Box, Pelham Horton. Los orígenes de la Guerra del Paraguay contra la triple alianza. Asunción: El Lector, 1996.

                                     Vera Blinn Reber

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Box, Pelham Horton (1898–1937)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 26 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Box, Pelham Horton (1898–1937)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (April 26, 2019).

"Box, Pelham Horton (1898–1937)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved April 26, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.