Blandengues, a special militia created in 1797 by Spanish authorities in the Río De La Plata region to protect frontier settlements from Indian attack and to combat banditry. In some areas the troops also fought smuggling and the illegal slaughter of wild cattle by traders of dried hides. An early decree authorizing the creation of the force called for eight companies of 100 men each, but these numbers were never reached. Manuel Belgrano, Ernesto Quesada, José Rondeau, José Gervasio Artigas, and other future leaders of the independence movement acquired valuable military experience in their ranks. The Blandengues were particularly important in the pre-independence period of the Banda Oriental (present-day Uruguay). Artigas, joining in 1797, fought with this group against the British invasions of 1806 and 1807, rising to the position of capitán. After declaring his commitment to the independence movement in 1811, he commanded his former Blandengue soldiers in important early victories against Spanish royalist forces.
Azcuy Ameghino, Eduardo. La otra historia: Economía, estado y sociedad en el Río de la Plata colonial. Colección Bitácora argentina. Capital Federal: Imago Mundi, 2002.
Rodriguez Otheguy, Victor A., and Nelson Dellepiane. Cabalgando en la frontera: Historia de los blandengues orientales. Montevideo: [s.n.], 1997.
William H. Katra
"Blandengues." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/blandengues
"Blandengues." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved August 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/blandengues
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.