Skip to main content

Bevin–Sforza Plan


a postworld war ii plan to administer former italian colonies in north africa.

After World War II, Italy was forced to relinquish its African colonies by the terms of its February 1947 peace treaty with the Allies. Libya was made the temporary responsibility of the United Nations, although Britain and France continued to administer it. Partly to protect their interest and partly to avoid Soviet interference, the British foreign secretary, Ernest Bevin, and the Italian foreign minister, Count Carlo Sforza, promulgated a joint plan on 10 May 1949, for the United Nations to grant trusteeships to Britain in Cyrenaica; Italy in Tripolitania; and France in the Fezzan, for a ten-year period, after which Libya would become independent. The plan, which met massive hostility in Libya itself, was rejected by the United Nations General Assembly eight days later.

see also bevin, ernest.


Wright, John. Libya: A Modern History. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

George Joffe

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bevin–Sforza Plan." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . 20 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Bevin–Sforza Plan." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . (April 20, 2019).

"Bevin–Sforza Plan." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved April 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.