Beagle Channel Dispute
Beagle Channel Dispute
Beagle Channel Dispute, the territorial conflict between Argentina and Chile that brought the two countries to the brink of war in 1978. The Beagle Channel (named after Charles Darwin's ship) lies at the tip of South America, just south of Tierra Del Fuego. An 1881 treaty between Argentina and Chile established the Beagle Channel as their international border for part of the Tierra del Fuego area, but the treaty did not specify the exact location of the channel. Of particular interest was whether the Beagle Channel—and thus the border—ran north of the three key islands of Picton, Lennox, and Nueva (which would make them Chilean), or south of the islands (which would make them Argentine). The issue was not the islands themselves, which are cold and barren, but rather that ownership of them might allow Chile to claim sovereignty or establish an exclusive economic zone 200 miles into the South Atlantic, inhibiting Argentina's ability to project its influence into that region, its key islands (including the Falkland Islands), and Antarctica.
In July 1971 Argentina and Chile agreed to accept Great Britain as arbitrator in an arrangement under which the crown would either accept or reject the recommendation of an expert panel of international jurists. The panel decided in favor of Chilean sovereignty of the three islands, and in May 1977 the British government accepted their recommendation. Argentina rejected the award on narrow technical grounds, and both countries began to prepare for possible conflict. At what seemed to be the last minute before hostilities broke out, the two nations agreed to Vatican mediation in December 1978. This mediation led to the 1984 Treaty of Peace and Friendship, which awarded the islands to Chile, but prohibited Chile from claiming sovereignty or establishing an economic zone in the South Atlantic.
See alsoBoundary Disputes: Overview .
Jack Child, Geopolitics and Conflict in South America: Quarrels Among the Neighbors (1985), esp. pp. 77-85.
Michael A. Morris, "Southern Cone Maritime Security After the 1984 Argentine-Chilean Treaty of Peace and Friendship," in Ocean Development and International Law 18, no. 2 (1987): 235-254.
Philip Kelly and Jack Child, eds., Geopolitics of the Southern Cone and Antarctica (1988), esp. pp. 36-39 and 75-77.
Benadava, Santiago. Recuerdos de la mediación pontificia entre Chile y Argentina, 1978–1985. Santiago de Chile: Editorial Universitaria, 1999.
Passarelli, Bruno. El delirio armado: Argentina-Chile, la guerra que evitó el Papa. Buenos Aires: Editorial Sudamericana, 1998.
"Beagle Channel Dispute." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 8, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/beagle-channel-dispute
"Beagle Channel Dispute." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved August 08, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/beagle-channel-dispute
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.