out- repr. OE. ūt-, found in some thirty comps. meaning chiefly ‘outward(s)’, ‘outlying’, ‘foreign’, ‘exterior, external’; much increased in number and extended in application, in ME. and later; e.g. on the model of OE. ūthealf outward side are outside, outskirts, outline; = ‘outside the premises or area’, as in outhouse, outland (OE. ūtland); = ‘external’, as out-patient; on intr. verbal phrases such as break out, cry out, fit out, lay out, look out were formed outbreak, outcry, outfit, outlay, outlook; on trans. verbal phrases in the sense ‘exceed or go beyond a person or thing in something’, as outbid, outdo, outgrow, outlast, outline, outrun; out-Herod exceed Herod in violence; outstrip (XVI) is based on an obs. vb. meaning ‘move swiftly’; similarly with sbs., as outwit, out-general; with prepositional sense, as outdoor XVIII.
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