mud·dle / ˈmədl/ • v. [tr.] bring into a disordered or confusing state: they were muddling up the cards. ∎ confuse (a person or their thoughts): I do not wish to muddle him by making him read more books. ∎ [intr.] busy oneself in a confused and ineffective way: he was muddling about in the kitchen. ∎ mix (a drink) or stir (an ingredient) into a drink. • n. [usu. in sing.] an untidy and disorganized state or collection: a muddle of French, English, Ojibwa, and a dash of Gaelic the finances were in a muddle | an admirable chairman, she cut through the confusion and muddle. ∎ a mistake arising from or resulting in confusion: a bureaucratic muddle. PHRASAL VERBS: muddle through cope more or less satisfactorily despite lack of expertise, planning, or equipment: we don't have an ultimate ambition; we just muddle through. muddle something up confuse two or more things with each other: at the time, archaeology was commonly muddled up with paleontology.DERIVATIVES: mud·dling·ly / ˈmədlinglē; ˈmədl-inglē/ adv. mud·dly / ˈmədlē; ˈmədl-ē/ adj. ORIGIN: late Middle English (in the sense ‘wallow in mud’): perhaps from Middle Dutch moddelen, frequentative of modden ‘dabble in mud’; compare with mud. The sense ‘confuse’ was initially associated with alcoholic drink (late 17th cent.), giving rise to ‘busy oneself in a confused way’ and ‘jumble up’ (mid 19th cent.).
"muddle." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/muddle-0
"muddle." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved January 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/muddle-0
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.