Mudd, Samuel Alexander
Samuel Alexander Mudd, 1833–83, Maryland physician and Confederate sympathizer who on April 15, 1865, set the broken left leg of Lincoln's fleeing assassin, John Wilkes Booth. Mudd was accused of aiding Booth's escape and was tried along with Booth's accomplices (see Surratt, Mary Eugenia). He maintained that he did not recognized the disguised Booth, who was an acquaintance, and did not know of Lincoln's assassination, but was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment at Fort Jefferson in the Dry Tortugas, Fla. It remains unclear what Mudd might have known about the assassination. Since Edward Spangler, the sceneshifter at Ford's Theater convicted of abetting Booth's escape, received a six-year sentence, many regarded Mudd's sentence as unjust. In 1869 he was pardoned by President Andrew Johnson, who cited doubts about Mudd's guilt as well as his efforts during a yellow fever outbreak at the prison.
See The Life of Dr. Samuel A. Mudd (ed. by his daughter, N. Mudd, 1906).
"Mudd, Samuel Alexander." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mudd-samuel-alexander
"Mudd, Samuel Alexander." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/mudd-samuel-alexander
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.