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Died 490 b.c.e.

Tyrant of athens


Revenge. One of the sons of Pisistratus, Hippias ruled Athens as a tyrant from 528 to 510 b.c.e. The city-state prospered under the early part of his reign, and Hippias was considered to be a patron of artists and craftsmen. However, following the assassination of his brother Hipparchus in 514, Hippias used severe measures against his political enemies. Four years later the Spartan king Cleomenes I invaded Attica and expelled Hippias and his followers. Taking refuge with the Persians, he returned to Greece with the army of Darius I in 490 and supposedly advised the landing in the bay of Marathon. He died at Lemnos soon afterward.


Michael Grant, The Rise of the Greeks (New York: Scribners, 1987).

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