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Chapter Two: Geography

264-476: Chapter Two: Geography

by PATRICE D. RANKINE

CONTENTS

CHRONOLOGY 42

OVERVIEW 46

TOPICS IN GEOGRAPHY

Ancient Geography: Questions and Issues 47

Stoicism and Geography 48

Climate and Topography 51

An Ancient Travel Guide to Greece 51

Hannibal’s Journey Across the Alps. 53

Effects of Geography on History and Culture 55

Did the Romans Value Diversity? 56

Political Geography and the Roman Economy 57

Ethnography and Points of Contact 57

Geography, Ethnography, and Power 58

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

Eratosthenes 60

Hipparchus of Nicaea 60

Pomponius Mela 61

Pausanias 61

Gaius Plinius Secundus (Pliny the Elder) 61

Posidonius of Rhodes 61

Claudius Ptolemaeus (Ptolemy) 62

Strabo of Amaseia 62

DOCUMENTARY SOURCES 63

Sidebars and tables are listed in italics.

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