Chapter Six: Politics, Law, and the Military

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264-476: Chapter Six: Politics, Law, and the Military

by ANDREW M. RIGGSBY

CONTENTS

CHRONOLOGY 216

OVERVIEW 226

TOPICS IN POLITICS, LAW, AND THE MILITARY

Adversariness and Advocacy 228

Appeals Process 228

Guilt or Benefit 229

The Army 229

Alesia 230

Early Rome: The Republic and Aristocratic Competition 232

Political Invective 232

Early Rome: The Republic and Democracy at Rome 233

Popular Reputation 234

Electoral Bribery 235

Early Rome: The Republic and Government Structure 235

Democracy and Equality 235

Consular Authority 236

Pedarii 237

Early Rome: The Republic and Limited Government 237

Early Rome: The Republic and Municipalities 237

Early Rome: The Republic and Violence in Politics 237

The Empire: The Augustan Settlement 238

Elections Under the Empire 238

The Empire: Continuity and Competition 239

The Empire: Government by Petition 241

The Empire: Growth of the Bureaucracy 241

The Empire: Succession and the Army 241

Didius Julianus 241

Judicial Corruption 242

The Late Empire: Government Structure 242

Zenobia 243

Symmachus and Ambrose on the Altar of Victory 244

Law and Order 244

Legal Equality: Who Counts? 245

Two Conspiracy Theories 246

Senatus Consultum Silianum 246

Vistilia 248

Private Law 248

Public Law 249

Roman Law as a System 249

Roman Law: The Parameters 250

Rome vs. Gortyn 250

Trial Procedures under the Empire 252

Local Law in the Roman World 253

Trial Procedures under the Republic 253

SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE

Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (Augustus) 254

Gaius Julius Caesar 254

Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Elder) 255

Marcus Tullius Cicero 255

Tiberius Claudius Maximus 255

Domitius Ulpianus (Ulpian) 255

DOCUMENTARY SOURCES 256

Sidebars and tables are listed in italics.