Philippine Scouts and Constabulary
Filipinos had been eligible for Scout commissions since 1901, and in 1908 the U.S. Congress authorized West Point to accept Filipinos. But when it became evident that routine promotions would lead Filipinos to command regular officers, the army ceased commissioning Filipino officers (1933).
The Philippine Constabulary was the Philippine government's national police force, established in August 1901. The constabulary's initial duties were similar to those of the Scouts: suppressing bandits and the remnants of guerrilla forces. Under the command of U.S. Army officers until 1917, the constabulary was headed thereafter by Filipinos. Although its law enforcement duties came to predominate over its military functions, the constabulary formed the nucleus of the Philippine Army, created in 1936, and contributed the Second Regular Division to the Bataan campaign.
[See also Bataan and Corregidor, Battles of; World War II, U.S. Naval Operations in: The Pacific.]
Richard B. Meixsel
"Philippine Scouts and Constabulary." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/philippine-scouts-and-constabulary
"Philippine Scouts and Constabulary." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/philippine-scouts-and-constabulary