Northampton, treaty of

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Northampton, treaty of, 1328. On 4 May 1328 Edward III, or more precisely his mother Isabella and Roger Mortimer who then controlled the government, recognized Robert I (Bruce) as king of Scotland and did not demand homage from him. This was a volte-face from the line which English kings had adopted since the mid-1290s in denying Scottish sovereignty, and reveals the weak position of the English in the wake of the deposition of Edward II and the abortive campaign against the Scots in Weardale in 1327. Edward III was subsequently determined to overturn this ‘turpis pax’, as the Meaux chronicler called it, and, encouraged by the success of Edward Balliol against Robert's heir, invaded Scotland in 1333 to restore English lordship.

Anne Curry