Manchac Post (Fort Bute)
Manchac Post (Fort Bute)
MANCHAC POST (FORT BUTE). Bayou Manchac or the Iberville River was the northern boundary of the Spanish Isle of Orleans and provided a water route from the Mississippi east into the Amite River and through Lakes Maurepas, Pontchartrain, and Borgne into the Gulf of Mexico. Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d'Iberville, used this route when he returned in 1699 from his exploration up the Mississippi to the mouth of the Red River. Because the Treaty of Paris in 1763 left the Isle of Orleans in Spanish hands (ceded by France in 1762), this route was of vital importance as an outlet for British navigation from the upper Mississippi. At the mouth of the Manchac-Iberville stream, on the Mississippi, the British established Fort Bute or Manchac Post in 1763. From then until its capture by Governor Bernardo de Gálvez on 7 September 1779, it was an important military and trading post. The Battle of Fort Bute, as it is often called, was the opening salvo in Spain's war on Britain in North America. Even though a hurricane had destroyed much of Gálvez's fleet on 15 August, the governor quickly assembled a small army of regulars and Acadian and Spanish militia, and led them on a brutal eleven-day march through the bayou. The Spanish attack caught the garrison completely by surprise, as they were unaware that Spain and Britain were at war.
SEE ALSO Gálvez, Bernardo de.
revised by Michael Bellesiles
"Manchac Post (Fort Bute)." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/manchac-post-fort-bute
"Manchac Post (Fort Bute)." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/manchac-post-fort-bute
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.