The M‐1 Rifle
The Marine Corps favored its own semiautomatic rifle, designed by Marine Corps Officer Melvin Johnson, but Congress opted for the M‐1. World War I veterans preferred the 1903 Springfield bolt action and were concerned about the M‐1 semiautomatic's reliability and accuracy in combat situations. Those questions were emphatically vindicated in World War II. In that war, most other armies still used bolt‐action rifles. Although both the Germans and the Russians fielded small numbers of semiautomatic rifles, the United States was the only nation to fight the war armed primarily with a semiautomatic rifle. The Garand M‐14 model was eventually replaced by the M‐16 rifle in the 1960s.
[See also Springfield Model 1903; Weaponry, Army; Weaponry, Marine Corps.]
Bruce N. Canfield , The M‐1 Garand and the M‐1 Carbine, 1988.
"The M‐1 Rifle." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/m-1-rifle
"The M‐1 Rifle." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/m-1-rifle