Incidents‐At‐Sea Treaty, U.S.–Soviet
The rapid expansion of the Soviet Navy in the mid‐1960s brought their fleet from a coastal force to one with worldwide capability, sailing to troublespots where U.S. ships operated. After two serious collisions between Soviet warships and U.S. destroyers in April 1970 and October 1971, it was obvious something had to be done.
In 1968, the United States invited the Soviets for discussions to reduce incidents, and in 1970 the Soviets accepted this invitation. The first negotiating session was held in Moscow in late 1971 and the second just prior to signing in 1972. This treaty, still in effect, was negotiated in only two nine‐day sessions because it was a practical discussion conducted by naval staffs and successfully kept out of the political limelight.
The formal signing was conducted by Admiral of the Fleet Sergei G. Gorshkov and Secretary of the Navy John Warner during a historic visit to the Soviet Union by President Richard M. Nixon.
Incidents‐at‐Sea Treaty, U.S.‐Soviet (full text), reprinted from the New York Times, 26 May 1972, p. 4.
William D. Smith
"Incidents‐At‐Sea Treaty, U.S.–Soviet." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/incidents-sea-treaty-us-soviet
"Incidents‐At‐Sea Treaty, U.S.–Soviet." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/incidents-sea-treaty-us-soviet