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Grandmontines. This monastic order was founded by the hermit St Stephen (c.1054–1124) of Muret, near Limoges. It was an ascetic community of choir and lay brothers which, after Stephen's death, established itself at Grandmont and followed a strict version of the Benedictine rule. Its temporal affairs were almost entirely controlled by the lay brothers (‘conversi’), an arrangement which gave rise to much internal dissension. Three small priories were founded in England where the order enjoyed the patronage of the Angevin kings. Only one of these (Grosmont, Yorks.) survived till the dissolution. In the later Middle Ages, the monks were often styled ‘Bons Hommes’.

Brian Golding

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