Georgia Expedition of Wayne
Georgia Expedition of Wayne
GEORGIA EXPEDITION OF WAYNE. January-July 1782. On 12 January, General Anthony Wayne crossed the Savannah River with one hundred dragoons commanded by Colonel Anthony White and a detachment of artillery; their mission was restoring American authority in Georgia. Wayne was soon joined by 300 South Carolina mounted infantry under Colonel Wade Hampton and 170 Georgia militia under Colonel James Jackson. Lacking sufficient men for his goals, Wayne urged the state to create an African American regiment but was rebuffed. Wayne was also held back by a paucity of arms and other supplies.
Although Savannah was too strong to be taken with the means at his disposal, Wayne drove the enemy's outposts back into the town, suppressed Loyalist bands, and cut off supplies. Lieutenant Colonel Alured Clarke, commander of British forces in Georgia, ordered a scorched earth policy, and his withdrawing outposts burned what they could not carry back into Savannah. Clarke also called for help from the Cherokees and Creeks, sending out a force to open the way for the Indians. But they encountered stiff resistance from Jackson's militia. Wayne drove reinforcements sent from Savannah back into British lines. On the night of 22-23 January, three hundred Creeks approached Wayne's bivouac with the intention of attacking the pickets, but they accidentally fell upon the main body at 3 A .M . In a fierce action, the Indians were driven off with the loss of their leader, Guristersigo, and seventeen others killed. Wayne's pursuit netted another twelve, who were executed at sunrise. British desertions accelerated, especially among the German and Loyalist troops. General Alexander Leslie, British commander in the South, was concerned that he could not continue operations and proposed a truce to General Nathanael Greene, who saw right through the ploy. Clarke and Governor James Wright suggested a truce to Wayne, with the same results.
After six months of siege, the British evacuated the city for Charleston on 10 and 11 July, taking four thousand Loyalists and five thousand slaves with them. Wayne's troops entered Savannah immediately after the last British troops embarked.
revised by Michael Bellesiles
"Georgia Expedition of Wayne." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georgia-expedition-wayne
"Georgia Expedition of Wayne." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/georgia-expedition-wayne
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.