FLORA, WILLIAM. Continental soldier. The son of Virginia free blacks, Flora's birth and early life remain unknown. In 1775 he joined the Second Virginia Regiment under the command of Colonel William Woodford. At the Battle of Great Bridge in December 1775 the regiment confronted Lord Dunmore's Loyalist, British, and "Ethiopian" troops, the latter being slaves who won their freedom by joining Dunmore's forces. On the morning of 9 December, Flora was on guard duty on the bridge over the Elizabeth River when the British attacked. The other sentinels fled in panic, but Flora stood his ground, firing, it was reported, eight times on the advancing enemy before he retreated to the Patriot breastworks. After Dunmore's retreat, Flora won praise for his heroism and then vanished from the records until 1781, when he was present at the Battle of Yorktown. Following the British surrender, Flora returned to Portsmouth, Virginia, where he ran a cartage business and livery stable. In 1784 he became the first black person known to own land in Portsmouth. He married a slave woman and purchased her freedom after Virginia altered its manumission laws in 1782. During the war scare following the attack of the British warship Leopard upon the U.S. ship Chesapeake in 1807, Flora volunteered for duty but his services were not required. In 1818 he and other Virginia veterans of the Revolution received a land grant of one hundred acres each in Ohio, which is the last historical reference to this hero of the Revolution.
"Flora, William." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/flora-william
"Flora, William." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved April 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/flora-william
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.