CHILLICOTHE, OHIO. The Chillicothe division of the Shawnee always called their principal town (capital) Chillicothe. In the eighteenth century three separate places were known at various times as Chillicothe, and all were destroyed by whites. In 1774 Chillicothe on Paint Creek near its junction with the Scioto River, close to the site of today's Chillicothe, Ohio, was attacked by the forces of Virginia's royal governor, John Murray, the earl of Dunmore, during Dunmore's War. This town lasted until 1787, when it was destroyed by Kentuckians. Chillicothe on the Little Miami River was where Daniel Boone was held prisoner in 1778. George Rogers Clark destroyed this town on 6 August 1780. Chillicothe on the (Great) Miami River was originally called Piqua and was burned by Clark on 8 August 1780. Renamed Chillicothe, it was again destroyed by Clark on 10 November 1782. The modern city on this site was named Piqua in 1823.
SEE ALSO Dunmore's (or Cresap's) War.
revised by Michael Bellesiles