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Chanak crisis, September–October 1922. Turkish nationalists under Mustapha Kemal were unhappy about the loss of territory to Greece under the Sèvres treaty of 1920. They expelled the Greeks from Smyrna by force in August 1922 and threatened to cross the Dardanelles. Britain feared for the security of the Straits. Lloyd George reinforced British positions in Chanak, the neutral region on the Asiatic shore of the Dardanelles, thus blocking the Turks. Conflict was averted by an agreement settled on 11 October at Mudania. Eastern Thrace and Adrianople were returned to Turkey in return for recognition of the neutral zones of the Dardanelles.
Richard A. Smith