Celoron de Blainville, Paullouis
Celoron de Blainville, Paullouis
CELORON DE BLAINVILLE, PAULLOUIS. (1753–?). Canadian volunteer. Son of the celebrated French officer and explorer, Pierre-Joseph Celoron de Blainville (1693–1759), he was born at Detroit while his father commanded the garrison of Fort Pontchartrain. He became a gentleman cadet in the Rochefort regiment in 1774 and a sous-lieutenant in the Martinique regiment in 1775. On 16 October 1776 he volunteered for service in the American army and on 18 December became a lieutenant in James Livingston's First Canadian Regiment. At Schoharie, New York, until Burgoyne's offensive started, he marched under Arnold to the relief of Fort Stanwix and fought in Learned's brigade at Saratoga. In the second battle of Burgoyne's campaign on 7 October 1777, he received a bayonet wound in the leg and was hospitalized at Albany. Rejoining the regiment, he was with Varnum's brigade at Valley Forge and as part of this command was at Monmouth and Newport. On 29 July 1778 he became a chevalier in the Order of Saint Louis.
In 1779 Celoron became a captain in Pulaski's legion, a promotion that was the subject of complaint by Baron de Frey. He was engaged in combat at Charleston on 11 May 1779 and at Savannah, receiving a bullet wound to the head during the latter action on 9 October 1779. On 12 May 1780 he became a prisoner at Charleston and was exchanged on 26 November 1782. Congress retained him in the American service on 21 January 1782, but his resignation was accepted on 1 July 1782. Named capitaine aide-major in the French army, he served at Saint-Christophe and Guadeloupe until 1791. He emigrated to Trinidad in 1793. He became civil sous-commissaire of the National Guard of Abymes, Guadeloupe, on 20 June 1803 and commissaire commandant two years later. In 1807 he was capitaine adjoint on the general staff at Guadeloupe. His name was sometimes spelled "Seleron" or "Celeron."
Bodinier, André. Dictionnaire des officiers de l'armée royale qui ont combattu aux Etats-Unis pendant la guerre d'Indépendance, 1776–1783. Vincennes, France: Service historique de l'armée, 1982.
Contenson, Ludovic de. La Société des Cincinnati de France et la Guerre d'Amérique. Paris: Editions Auguste Picard, 1934.
revised by Robert Rhodes Crout
"Celoron de Blainville, Paullouis." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 19, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/celoron-de-blainville-paullouis
"Celoron de Blainville, Paullouis." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved November 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/celoron-de-blainville-paullouis
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.