Skip to main content

Carlisle, diocese of

Carlisle, diocese of. The see, created in 1133, was conterminous with Cumbria until the 19th cent. The region where Ninian brought Celtic Christianity in the 4th cent. and which Kentigern secured in 573 came under the bishops of Lindisfarne until the Danish invasions obliterated all trace of the see. The diocese was restored with its seat at Carlisle in 1133, following Rufus's annexation of Cumbria (1092). Initially the see had a complex history, for, though ecclesiastically always under the metropolitan jurisdiction of York, it fell politically under the Scottish kings for 21 years (1136–57). In 1856 the see was enlarged to take in northern parts of the Chester diocese. The cathedral, originally founded as an Augustinian priory in 1102, is noted for its fine 14th-cent. curvilinear east window. It suffered severely at the hands of the Scots during the Civil War.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Carlisle, diocese of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . 19 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Carlisle, diocese of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . (January 19, 2019).

"Carlisle, diocese of." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.