Skip to main content

‘broad-bottom administration’

‘broad-bottom administration’ was the facetious name given to the coalition formed in December 1744, at the expense of Carteret and Pulteney. Henry Pelham, his brother Newcastle and Lord Hardwicke were joined by Chesterfield, George Lyttelton, Gower, Bedford, Hinde Cotton, and Dodington. The Pelhams promised to bring in William Pitt as soon as George II's dislike could be overcome. Hardwicke told the king that there was not one man left in the Commons ‘capable of leading or conducting an opposition’. The coalition represented a significant development in the rehabilitation of the Tories and the reunification of the Whigs. The opportunities given by the nickname to cartoonists were not overlooked.

J. A. Cannon

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"‘broad-bottom administration’." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"‘broad-bottom administration’." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/broad-bottom-administration

"‘broad-bottom administration’." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved August 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/broad-bottom-administration

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.