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Birmingham, diocese of

Birmingham, diocese of. Largely conterminous with north Warwickshire and including the city of Birmingham, the see was created mainly out of the diocese of Worcester in 1905, after a campaign which had been launched in 1888 by Bishop Philpott of Worcester. Other great industrial cities such as Bristol (1542), Manchester (1848), Liverpool (1880), and Newcastle (1882) already had their own sees. Charles Gore, who had been bishop of Worcester from 1902, transferred to the new see and held it until 1911, when he moved to Oxford. Bishop Barnes, a local man, who held the see from 1924 until 1953, was a mathematician, whose attacks on the doctrine of the real presence and impatience with miracles caused him to be accused of heresy. Bishop Wilson, his successor (1953–69), had been bishop of Singapore at the time of the Japanese occupation and had ministered the gospel in captivity. The cathedral is the former parish church of St Philip, built in baroque style by Thomas Archer (1711–19) with 19th-cent. windows by Burne-Jones and William Morris.

J. A. Cannon

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