National Indian Youth Council

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NATIONAL INDIAN YOUTH COUNCIL

NATIONAL INDIAN YOUTH COUNCIL. The National Indian Youth Council, an all-Indian organization, was started in 1961 by Indian college students and recent college graduates. The council is more militant than the National Congress of American Indians, which it has criticized as being too conservative. It manifests the influence of the civil rights movement of the period of its founding and has used tactics of demonstration and confrontation. It favors the abolition of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The National Indian Youth Council and the National Congress of American Indians both predate the American Indian Movement (AIM) and share its focus on a national unity that respects tribal sovereignty.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Hoxie, Frederick E., Peter C. Mancall, and James H. Merrell, eds. American Nations: Encounters in Indian Country, 1850 to the Present. New York: Routledge, 2001.

National Indian Youth Council. ABC: Americans before Columbus. Denver, Colo.: National Indian Youth Council, 1963–.

Smith, Paul Chaat, and Robert Allen Warrior. Like a Hurricane: The Indian Movement from Alcatraz to Wounded Knee. New York: New Press, 1996.

Kenneth M.Stewart/d. b.

See alsoAmerican Indian Defense Association ; Youth Movements .