Skip to main content

National Council of Jewish Women


NATIONAL COUNCIL OF JEWISH WOMEN. The National Council of Jewish Women (NCJW) was founded in 1893 as a result of the Jewish Women's Congress held at the Chicago World's Fair. Early leaders included Hannah G. Solomon, Rebekah Kohut, and Sadie American. The group dedicated itself to promoting Judaism, philanthropy, and education through aid to Jewish immigrants and educational programs for Americans. During both world wars, it provided assistance to Jews overseas and to refugees. Throughout its history the group has supported many issues, including civil and reproductive rights, children's education and welfare, and the Equal Rights Amendment. Early in the twentieth century the NCJW was the largest Jewish women's organization. Today, the group has sections in over five hundred American communities.


Elwell, Ellen Sue Levi. "The Founding and Early Programs of the National Council of Jewish Women: Study and Practice as Jewish Women's Religious Expression." Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1982.

Hyman, Paula. "The Jewish Body Politic: Gendered Politics in the Early Twentieth Century." Nashim: A Journal of Jewish Women's Studies and Gender Issues 1, no. 2 (1999): 37–51.

Rogow, Faith. Gone to Another Meeting: The National Council of Jewish Women, 1893–1993. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1993.


Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"National Council of Jewish Women." Dictionary of American History. . 18 Mar. 2019 <>.

"National Council of Jewish Women." Dictionary of American History. . (March 18, 2019).

"National Council of Jewish Women." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved March 18, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.