MORMON WAR. The Mormon War (1844–1846) was a series of disorders between the Mormon residents of Nauvoo in Hancock County, Illinois, and the non-Mormon population of the neighboring territory. The non-Mormon population had welcomed the Mormons upon their 1839 arrival but soon resented their city charter, feared their political power, and envied their apparent prosperity. By June 1844 the Mormon militia was under arms in Nauvoo. At at least 1,500 armed men had assembled to expel the Mormons, and Governor Thomas had taken charge. The Mormon leader Joseph Smith surrendered on a charge of riot, but a mob murdered him and his brother Hyrum in the Carthage jail on 27 June. The Mormons began migrating in February 1846 and were nearly gone by the year's end.
Allen, James B., and John W. Welch, eds. Coming to Zion. Provo, Utah: BYU Studies, Brigham Young University, 1997.
Hallwas, John E., and Roger D. Launius, eds. Cultures in Conflict: A Documentary History of the Mormon War in Illinois. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1995.
Schindler, Harold, ed. Crossing the Plains: New and Fascinating Accounts of the Hardships, Controversies, and Courage Experienced and Chronicled by the 1847 Pioneers on the Mormon Trail. Salt Lake City, Utah: Salt Lake Tribune, 1997.
Paul M.Angle/d. b.