MORMON TRAIL. The Mormon Trail refers to the route the Mormons took after their expulsion from Nauvoo, Illinois, in February 1846. They took a well-beaten trail westward, through what is now Iowa, crossing the Missouri River into Nebraska Territory by permission of the Omaha Indians. In April 1847 Brigham Young led 143 men, 3 women, and 2 children west along the Platte River to Fort Laramie, Wyoming, over the old Oregon Trail to Fort Bridger, Wyoming, southwest through Echo Canyon to the Weber River, through East Canyon, and across the Big and Little Mountains of the Wasatch Range. They entered the valley of the Great Salt Lake in Utah through Emigration Canyon on 24 July 1847.
Allen, James B., and John W. Welch, eds. Coming to Zion. Provo, Utah: BYU Studies, Brigham Young University, 1997.
Brown, S. Kent, Donald Q. Cannon, and Richard H. Jackson, eds. Historical Atlas of Mormonism. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994.
Schindler, Harold, ed. Crossing the Plains: New and Fascinating Accounts of the Hardships, Controversies, and Courage Experienced and Chronicled by the 1847 Pioneers on the Mormon Trail. Salt Lake City, Utah: Salt Lake Tribune, 1997.
L. E.Young/d. b.