Skip to main content


Mormyridae (elephant fish; superorder Osteoglossomorpha, order Mormyriformes) A fairly large family of freshwater fish, characterized in most species by the presence of an elongate, trunk-like snout. The eyes and mouth are small and the tail fin is forked; the size of the dorsal and anal fins is variable. Several species possess electric organs capable of emitting series of low-voltage discharges, perhaps as a means of finding the way in darkness, since mormyrids are basically nocturnal. There are about 100 species, found in tropical Africa.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Mormyridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . 22 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Mormyridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . (April 22, 2019).

"Mormyridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved April 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.