Guinn and Beal v. United States
GUINN AND BEAL V. UNITED STATES,
GUINN AND BEAL V. UNITED STATES, 238 U.S. 347 (1915), grew out of the attempt by the State of Oklahoma to include in its constitution, on a permanent basis, the grandfather-clause principle, a legal device that had been used by white southern legislators since the 1890s to prevent black Americans from voting. The Supreme Court decided that the provision represented a clear violation of the purpose and intent, if not the express provisions, of the Fifteenth Amendment.
Elliott, Ward E. Y. The Rise of Guardian Democracy. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.
W. BrookeGraves/a. r.
"Guinn and Beal v. United States." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/guinn-and-beal-v-united-states
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