Apalachee Massacre

views updated


APALACHEE MASSACRE (1704) was an episode in Queen Anne's War. Having failed to take St. Augustine, Florida, in 1702, former governor James Moore of Carolina invaded the Apalachee district in western Florida with fifty Englishmen and one thousand Creek Indians in 1704. Moore defeated Captain Mexia's force of thirty Spaniards and four hundred Apalachees. Moore's troops pillaged and destroyed all but one of the fourteen Franciscan mission settlements and captured about fourteen hundred Christian Indians.


Boyd, Mark F., Hale G. Smith, and John W. Griffin. Here They Once Stood: The Tragic End of the Apalachee Missions. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1951.

Thomas, David Hurst, ed. The Missions of Spanish Florida. New York: Garland, 1991.

Francis BorgiaSteck/a. r.

See alsoColonial Wars .