Skip to main content

Apalachee Massacre


APALACHEE MASSACRE (1704) was an episode in Queen Anne's War. Having failed to take St. Augustine, Florida, in 1702, former governor James Moore of Carolina invaded the Apalachee district in western Florida with fifty Englishmen and one thousand Creek Indians in 1704. Moore defeated Captain Mexia's force of thirty Spaniards and four hundred Apalachees. Moore's troops pillaged and destroyed all but one of the fourteen Franciscan mission settlements and captured about fourteen hundred Christian Indians.


Boyd, Mark F., Hale G. Smith, and John W. Griffin. Here They Once Stood: The Tragic End of the Apalachee Missions. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1951.

Thomas, David Hurst, ed. The Missions of Spanish Florida. New York: Garland, 1991.

Francis BorgiaSteck/a. r.

See alsoColonial Wars .

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Apalachee Massacre." Dictionary of American History. . 19 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Apalachee Massacre." Dictionary of American History. . (January 19, 2019).

"Apalachee Massacre." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.