Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education

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ALEXANDER V. HOLMES COUNTY BOARD OF EDUCATION, 396 U.S. 19 (1969). In this case the U.S. Supreme Court overturned a ruling by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, which effectively would have postponed until September 1970 the date when thirty-three Mississippi school districts would be required to implement desegregation plans. In its opinion, the Court declared it to be the obligation of all districts to eliminate dual school systems immediately. This opinion also proclaimed "no longer constitutionally permissible" the "all deliberate speed" formula that the Supreme Court had adopted in 1955 to describe the pace at which the desegregation of southern schools must proceed.


Tushnet, Mark V. Making Constitutional Law: Thurgood Marshal and the Supreme Court, 1961–1991. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Woodward, Bob, and Scott Armstrong. The Brethren: Inside the Supreme Court. Reprint, New York: Avon Books, 1996.

Michal R.Belknap

See alsoDesegregation .

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Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education

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