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Dacia

Dacia (dā´shə), ancient name of the European region corresponding roughly to modern Romania (including Transylvania). It was inhabited before the Christian era by a people who were called Getae by the Greeks and were called Daci by the Romans. They were a people of advanced material culture, with a tribal organization. Augustus claimed them as tributary allies but the Daci paid little heed, and Domitian, after inconclusive campaigns against them, was forced (AD 90) to pay them tribute to keep them quiet. Trajan invaded Dacia in AD 102 and again in 105. He established a large number of colonies, and Dacia became a Roman province. The Goths invaded (250–70) the region, and Aurelian was obliged to concede Dacia. It was the Roman colonists in Dacia who formed the Latin-speaking nucleus that established the Romance tongue Romanian, which is still spoken in that region.

See P. MacKendrick, The Dacian Stones Speak (1975).

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Dacia

Dacia Ancient region of Europe (now in Romania). It was colonized (101–106) by Trajan. Dacia was later overrun by Goths, Huns and Avars. The language was retained, and forms the basis of modern Romanian.

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Dacia

Dacia an ancient country of SE Europe in what is now NW Romania. It was annexed by Trajan in ad 106 as a province of the Roman Empire.

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Dacia

Daciacassia, glacier •apraxia, dyspraxia •banksia • eclampsia •estancia, fancier, financier, Landseer •intarsia, mahseer, Marcia, tarsier •bartsia, bilharzia •anorexia, dyslexia •intelligentsia • dyspepsia •Dacia, fascia •Felicia, Galicia, indicia, Lycia, Mysia •asphyxia, elixir, ixia •dossier • nausea •Andalusia, Lucia •overseer • Mercia • Hampshire •Berkshire • Caernarvonshire •Cheshire • differentia • Breconshire •Devonshire • Ayrshire •Galatia, Hypatia, solatia •alopecia, godetia, Helvetia •Alicia, Leticia •Derbyshire • Berwickshire •Cambridgeshire • Warwickshire •Argyllshire • quassia • Shropshire •Yorkshire • Staffordshire •Hertfordshire • Bedfordshire •Herefordshire • Oxfordshire •Forfarshire • Lancashire •Lincolnshire • Monmouthshire •Buckinghamshire • Nottinghamshire •Northamptonshire • Leicestershire •Wigtownshire • Worcestershire

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Dacia

DACIA

Originally the name of a province of the Roman Empire north of the Danube, was erroneously used during the Middle Ages as the Latin name for Denmark. This mistake was first observed c. 1020 in the Chronicle of Dudo of saint-quentin, but penetrated into Scandinavia c. 1100. When the mendicants during the 13th century (e.g., the dominicans in 1228, the Franciscans before 1239) organized their Scandinavian territories Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (with Finland)the provinces were named for that country which was nearest the rest of the Continent. The Scandinavian Dominicans were often called de Dacia (from Denmark) no matter what their native land. During the late Middle Ages a provincia Daciae was organized also in the other orders (carmelites and knights of malta). The work of the Dominicans and Franciscans in the evangelization of the Scandinavian area was complemented by that of several other religious orders (cistercians, premonstraten sians) and of diocesan clergy. Archbishoprics were established in Nidaros (Norway), which had four suffragan sees, and in Uppsala (Sweden), with five bishoprics. In Denmark, Lund was an archbishopric with six sees; along the eastern shores of the Baltic, Riga was the only archbishopric in that area with six suffragan sees. The hierarchy were principally drawn from the mendicant orders. Houses of the Dominicans were usually in the larger cities, and those of the Franciscans, in smaller settlements.

Bibliography: j. gallÉn, La Province de Dacia de l'ordre des frères prêcheurs (Helsinki 1946). Kulturhistorisk leksikon for nordisk middelalder, v. 2 (Copenhagen 1957).

[c. m. aherne]

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