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Thutmose Name of four kings of the 18th dynasty in ancient Egypt. Thutmose I (r. c.1525–c.1512 bc) extended his kingdom s into Nubia, and campaigned successfully in the Near East. He was succeeded by his son, Thutmose II (r. c.1512–c.1504 bc), who married his half-sister, Hatshepsut. She ruled as regent for his son, Thutmose III (r. c.1504–1450 bc). Thutmose III expanded the kingdom to its greatest extent, defeating the Mitanni kingdom on the River Euphrates and pushing the s frontier beyond the fourth cataract of the Nile. His grandson, Thutmose IV (r. c.1425–c.1416 bc), continued an expansive policy but also sought to strengthen the empire by peaceful means, marrying a Mitanni princess.

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