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Maurya Empire (321–185 bc). Ancient Indian dynasty and state founded by Chandragupta (r. c.321–c.291 bc). His son, Bindusara (r. c.291–c.268 bc), conquered the Deccan, and all of n India united under Ashoka (r. c.264–c.238 bc), Chandragupta's grandson. After Ashoka's death, the Empire broke up, and the last Emperor was assassinated in c.185 bc.