Cosmogony is the study of the creation of the universe. The Bible begins with God creating the heaven and the Earth, then the sun, moon, and stars, followed by every living creature that moves, and finally human beings, in God's own image (Gen. 1:1, 16, 21, 26). Cosmology examines the structure and evolution of the universe. The biblical worldview makes no provision for evolution; its universe is static, except for God's miracles. Regarding structure, God is said to have stretched out the firmament (heaven) like a tent (Ps. 103:2), rather than a sphere or the infinite expanse of later scientific beliefs. God's intervention on behalf of the army of Joshua, when God commanded the sun to stand still ( Josh. 10:12–14), implies that the sun revolves around the Earth, rather than Earth rotating. Inevitably, aspects of biblical cosmology written long ago now conflict with changing scientific belief.
See also Cosmology, Religious and Philosophical Aspects; Genesis
"Biblical Cosmology." Encyclopedia of Science and Religion. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/biblical-cosmology
"Biblical Cosmology." Encyclopedia of Science and Religion. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/biblical-cosmology
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.