Zholtovsky, Ivan Vladislavovich

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Zholtovsky, Ivan Vladislavovich (1876–1959). Belorussian architect. He practised in Moscow from 1900, and was devoted to Classicism, translating Palladio's Quattro Libri into Russian (1936). He saw the Neo-Classicism of St Petersburg as the Russian style, but his fine Tarasov House, Moscow (1909–10), looked back to Palladio's Palazzo Thiene, Vicenza (c.1550). He designed the All-Russian Exhibition for Agriculture and Home Industries, Moscow (1922–3), firmly Classical in form; the Residence, Mokhovaya Street, Moscow (1932–4), based on the Giant Order arrangement of Palladio's Loggia del Capitaniato, Vicenza (1571–2); the Housing Complex, Bolshoi Kaluzhskoi, Moscow (1940–9); and the huge Apartment Block, Smolensk Square, Moscow (1947–53), a powerful Neo-Classical composition, the style of which was identified with Socialist Realism. After the death of Stalin (1953), Zholtovsky was denounced for his adherence to Classicism, but some of his works, especially the earlier buildings, were not without distinction.

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