Skip to main content

Watelet, Claude-Henri

Watelet, Claude-Henri (1718–86). French writer, theorist, painter, and landscape-architect. In 1774 he published Essai sur les jardins which popularized the informal ‘English’ garden in France, and celebrated his own Picturesque garden at Le Moulin-Joli near Paris, created 1754–72, based not only on English informality but on Watelet's paintings, influenced by the charming landscapes in the canvases of his friend François Boucher (1703–70). The Essai pays due respect to J.- J. Rousseau (1712–78), who himself influenced the design of several French gardens, notably that at Ermenonville. However, Watelet's garden (destroyed, among many other beautiful things, in the Revolution of 1789) mixed French parterres and straight formal allées with wildernesses, meandering paths, and informal ‘natural’ plantations. His advocacy of working, agricultural landscapes, with fields of crops or pastures for animals, farms, barns, stables, ponds, and so on, visible from the more self-consciously designed-for-pleasure landscape, brought an appreciation of the working, pastoral aspects of the countryside into an aesthetic of garden design. Thus the idea of the ferme ornée became accepted in French theories of landscape. He may have influenced (directly or indirectly) Mique for his designs for the Hameau de Trianon, Versailles (1778–82).

Bibliography

Racine (ed.) (2001);
Jane Turner (1996);
C-H. Watelet (1774)

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Watelet, Claude-Henri." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Watelet, Claude-Henri." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/watelet-claude-henri

"Watelet, Claude-Henri." A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/education/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/watelet-claude-henri

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.