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Sloan, Samuel

Sloan, Samuel (1815–84). American architect. He worked mostly in Philadelphia, PA, where he established an office in 1849. Among his first works were Bartram Hall, West Philadelphia (1850–1), a luxurious villa in the Italianate Rundbogenstil, several schools, and the Masonic Temple (1853). He published The Model Architect (1852–3), containing designs for cottages, villas, and suburban residences, and thereafter brought out many books, including City and Suburban Architecture (1859 and 1867), Sloan's Constructive Architecture (1859 and 1867), American Houses (1861 and 1868), and much else to publicize his work. From 1857 he was assisted in the production of his books by Addison Hutton (1843–1916), who was his partner (1864–8). He also edited (with Charles Jefferson Lukens (c.1827–98)) The Architectural Review and American Builder's Journal (1868–70), the first periodical in the USA devoted wholly to architecture. One of his most extraordinary buildings was Longwood, Natchez, MS (1854–61), an octagonal domed house in the Indian style. He was uninhibitedly eclectic in his tastes, capable of designing buildings in the Gothic, Italianate, and many other styles.

Bibliography

Cooledge (1986);
Sloan (1867, 1868, 1870, 1873, 1873a);
Sloan & Lukens (eds.) (1868–70);
Jane Turner (1996);
van Vynckt (ed.) (1993);
Whitwell (1975)

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